Many workers are killed or sustain serious injuries when working at heights. These injuries are often easily preventable, and happen because of a lack of planning or training, or the use of inappropriate equipment.
If you can’t eliminate the risk of falling by bringing the task down to ground level or by eliminating the need for the task, you must continually use a fall protection system. Here are your choices:
First: The safest choice is to use guardrails or a travel restraint system. Guardrails remove the risk of falling by putting a barrier between workers and the edge. Travel restraint systems are designed to prevent employees from reaching an unguarded edge or opening.
Second: Fall-restricting systems combine work positioning and fall-restricting equipment to limit a person’s fall distance. The use of this fall protection system is limited to wood poles.
Third: Fall-arresting systems stop workers from hitting the surface below once they’ve fallen.
Note: Although the system will keep employees from striking the surface below, workers can still suffer injuries from falling into the system, and by remaining suspended until they are rescued.
If you do use a fall-arresting system, remember the following:
Although not required in all circumstances, an energy absorber is highly recommended with fall-arresting systems. They significantly decrease the physical impact sustained by workers after they’ve fallen.
Last: The control zone is an area between the warning line and the unguarded edge. Where an employee is required to work within the control zone, the use of another fall protection system is required.
In New Brunswick, the law on fall protection can be found under sections in Regulation 91-191 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act.