|Topic: Code of practice for cleaning, maintaining, adjustments and repairs of a machine – Definition of appropriate||Issued By: V.P., WorkSafe Services|
|Statute: Regulation 91-191||Date Issued: November 15, 2005|
|Section: 240||Date Revised:|
240 Where the lockout procedure referred to in section 239 is inappropriate for the cleaning, maintenance, adjustments or repairs to be performed or is inadequate for the protection of an employee, an employer shall
(b) comply with and enforce the code of practice.
How do I determine when the lockout procedure is inappropriate?
The code of practice that is used when the lockout procedure is inappropriate is not a quick and easy way to avoid locking out because locking out would disrupt production and costs money. It must be a well-conceived plan based on a risk assessment that allows a specific task to be accomplished safely without full compliance with the individual lockout provisions found in section 239.
The lockout procedure is inappropriate when:
The task meets the following criteria, where applicable (please note that financial consideration is not a criterion in the determination inappropriateness):
|(a)||is of short duration|
|(b)||is relatively minor in nature|
|(c)||occurs frequently during the shift or production day|
|(d)||is usually performed by operators or others functioning as operators who have control of the control panel|
|(e)||represents a predetermined recurring activity|
|(f)||minimally interrupts the operation of the production process|
Examples of such tasks include, but are not limited to, tool changes, minor cleaning, clearing, troubleshooting, adjustments, inspections, and set-up.
Developing the code of practice is as challenging, if not more so, than developing the lockout procedure. It must:
The development of the code of practice involves a risk assessment that will:
In performing the risk assessment, it may be necessary to:
The new CSA standard Z460-05, Control of hazardous energy - Lockout and other methods and other similar standards available from standard setting agencies may be used for guidance in developing an effective and safe lockout program.