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Employers must comply with Regulation 91-191, paragraph 216(1)(h), which states:

An employer shall ensure that an industrial lift truck is equipped with overhead guards that conform to ANSI standard ASME B56.1-1993, “Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks” to protect the operator of the truck from falling material,

American National Standards Institute’s (ANSI) standard ASME B56.1-1993, “Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks” states:

4.5.2 Load Backrest Extension. If the type of load presents a hazard, the user shall equip forklift trucks with a vertical load backrest extension manufactured in accordance with para. 7.27
7.27 Load Backrest Extension
7.27.1 The load backrest extension, if provided, should have height, width, and size of openings sufficient to minimize the possibility of the load falling toward the mast when the mast is in a position of maximum rearward tilt.
7.27.2 The load backrest extension, if provided, shall be constructed in a manner that does not interfere with good visibility, and size of openings should not exceed 150 mm (5.9 in.) in one of the two dimensions.

Date: March 26, 2018

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard MH29.1:2012, Safety Requirements for Industrial Scissor Lifts, defines “dock lifts, work access lifts and lift tables as the three categories of industrial scissor lifts and identifies their differences and similarities.” The standard also states that mobile and stationary industrial scissor lifts raise, lower and position materials and personnel in various applications. General Regulation 91-191 defines a hoisting apparatus as “mobile cranes, tower cranes, electric overhead travelling cranes, vehicle hoists, winches, and other similar equipment, but does not include elevators, dumbwaiters, or mine hoists.” A legal interpretation of this definition states that “any device or piece of equipment whose main purpose is to raise or lower material or equipment is considered a hoisting apparatus". Therefore it is WorkSafeNB’s opinion that a dock lift meets the definition of a hoisting apparatus under General Regulation 91-191 and therefore is required to meet the applicable sections from 207 to 212, including the requirements for annual inspections.

ANSI standard MH30.1 – 2007, For the Safety, Performance, and Testing of Dock Leveling Devices defines a dock leveling device as “a manufactured structure designed to span and compensate for space and height differentials between a loading dock and a transport vehicle to facilitate safe and efficient freight transfers.” These structures do not have the capabilities to raise or lower materials and/or equipment. Since this does not meet the General Regulation 91-191 definition of a hoisting apparatus, these types of devices are not required to comply with the requirements of sections 207–212. However, employers must still maintain and operate these units as specified by the manufacturer.

Date: March 26, 2018

Under the Workers’ Compensation Act, all employers with three or more workers at any time during the year must register for coverage with WorkSafeNB. These workers may be full-time, part-time, casual workers or non-registered contractors, subcontractors or brokers. This is referred to as mandatory coverage. Exception: an employer in the fishing industry must register for mandatory coverage when 25 or more workers are employed. Employers with fewer than three workers can apply for optional coverage.

Date: March 22, 2018

You can train staff yourself if you have the proper knowledge and skills. New Brunswick employers, by law, must provide employees who work with or near hazardous products with workplace-specific education, instruction and training. WHMIS training must be customized for each workplace. As an employer, you must know what hazardous products are in your workplace and understand how the new WHMIS requirements affect you and your employees. If you have any questions, please call us at 1 800 222-9775 or visit our Safety Excellence NB site (Transition to WHMIS 2015) for several resources, including videos, fact sheets and posters.

Date: March 21, 2018 Last Revised: March 21, 2018

Legislation under the Occupational Health and Safety Act requires every employer with 20 or more employees regularly employed at a place of employment to have a JHSC. Although it refers to ‘place of employment,’ the requirement is specific to an individual employer. If employers in a building are not related – like a commercial complex with many small retail outlets – then we would not require a JHSC for that workplace, provided none of the employers has more than 19 employees. In your case, even though the owner of the two firms is the same, we would not require a JHSC if they have different employer names and numbers.

Date: March 21, 2018

First, you need to determine whether or not your workplace requires an eyewash station. If the answer is yes, then Sections 11(1) and 11(2) of Regulations 91-191 apply. The regulation requires employers to provide emergency showers or eyewash fountains when a worker’s skin or eyes may come into contact with harmful chemicals. It also requires the shower or fountain comply with the requirements of ANSI Z3 58.1-1990, American National Standard for Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment, or an equivalent standard. This standard describes the specifications and requirements for emergency eyewashes and showers in New Brunswick. Our Emergency Showers and Eyewash Stations Guide and poster may also be helpful.

Requirements of the New Brunswick Occupational Health and Safety Act require employers to address health and safety hazards at the workplace, including buildup of ice and snow. Section 102(8) of the General Regulations 91-191 states: “An employer and a contractor shall each keep outdoor passageways from becoming slippery by removing ice or snow and using materials such as ashes, sand or salt where necessary.” If an employee were to fall and injure themselves because the outdoor passageways were not kept from becoming slippery, they could be eligible for compensation. If you have raised the matter with your employer and it still has not been resolved, you can contact WorkSafeNB by calling 1 800 222-9775and file a complaint. Normally, a health and safety officer would investigate. If you wish for your complaint to remain anonymous, we will respect your wish.

If you have a concern about workplace safety, you have several options. First, we encourage workers and employers to work together to solve concerns. An effective safety solution is often best found by both parties. Identify the situation to your supervisor. Secondly, you can bring your concern to your workplace joint health and safety committee or health and safety representative. If the situation continues and you feel you or your co-workers are being asked to complete an unsafe task, you have the right to refuse unsafe work without fear or penalty. Here are the steps you must follow if you choose to exercise this right. Exercising this right is serious and should not be done lightly or as a routine method of solving workplace problems.

Results of accident investigations are only shared with internal staff, and not the public. However, once an accident investigation is complete, the file is presented to WorkSafeNB’s Accident Review Committee. Its members determine whether we should develop Hazard Alerts to advise the public, or whether we should advise that particular industry about the accident findings. They also decide whether charges are recommended. In addition, if staff identify accident trends or patterns, they can recommend prevention or compliance strategies, which may end up in a public awareness campaign, such as our current Safe Waste Collection campaign.

All incidents reported under the Occupational Health and Safety Act are available on our website. The incident list is updated monthly and contains two years of data. It is available from our home page by selecting the Incidents tab, and then selecting any of the more recent incidents listed. You can also receive the monthly report through E-News, our monthly electronic newsletter. You can sign up here to receive it. Fatalities, incidents and other statistics are also reported in our Annual Report.

No. Insurance rates are based solely on the relative hazards of the operation and the organization’s accident experience, not on whether workers have disabilities.

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